Posted by: alinabraban | February 24, 2010

For the History Lovers, Some More Information about the Origin of the Romanians…

The DaciansWe all know that the ancestors of the Romanian people were the Dacians and the Romans. The actual territory of Romania was inhabited in the Antiquity by some tribal community’s representing a branch of the Thracians called Dacians. They were occupying the territory situated at the North of Danube around the Carpathians Mountains going to West until the Tisa River and to the East to the Bug River. Their capital was Sarmisegetuza, a town situated in the middle of the Western Carpathians.

The Dacians’ main occupations were farming (agriculture, viticulture, apiculture, livestock etc.) and also ceramics and metal working. The honey and the wine they were trading with Greek merchants were very famous in the region. They were divided into two social classes: Tarabostes (the nobles/aristocracy) and the Comati (the common people), they were living in towns whose name had the suffix: dava (dava means town) Acidava, Argedava, Burridava, Dokidava, Carsidava, Clepidava, Cumidava, Marcodava, Netindava etc.

The Traianus Column, ItalyOne of the most important sources of information about the Dacians is found on the Traianus Column found in Rome in a place called Forum Traiani. Traian was a Roman emperor who defeated the Dacians after two long and heavy wars: one in 101-102AD and the second one in 105-106AD.  The Dacian territory was rich in minerals (salt, metal ores including gold and silver) and with many plains where agriculture was done with great success. The richness of their land was the motif why the Roman emperor Traian wanted so much to conquer the Dacians. To mark his victory against the Dacians he ordered the construction of a column on which we can found many bas-reliefs depicting scenes from the last war in which the Romans and the Dacians are represented in several hypostasis. After the Dacians were conquered, a Roman occupancy period followed which lead to an intermarriage between Dacians and Roman colonists leading after several hundreds of years of coexistence to a new, Latin based language called Romanian. It is obvious that the Slavic neighborhood had a great influence in the formation of the new language as around 20% of the Romanian vocabulary has Slavic origin.

Of course the Romanian language is a living one and the proof for that are the numerous neologisms that are entering in the vocabulary as necessities done by the modern technology: computer, mouse…

//Alina Braban



  1. Great job,
    I think even for our students it is interesting to read about our history.

  2. Great work mrs braban 😀
    i think this post will clear swedesh ppl questions about our origins 🙂

  3. this is an interesting text…:)
    good job (mrs.) teacher 😉

  4. Very good article, Alina! Interesting and instructive reading for both my students and my Swedish colleagues. It is one thing to read about a country in non-fiction books but it is even more useful to build on by talking to its own experts. Thanks for a useful reading!

  5. Thank you for your appreciation! You are very nice:)

Thank you for your comment! // Christin@

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